1.allow sb to do sth允許某人去做某事(后接動詞不定式)
My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.
2.asked sb(not)to do sth叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)
My father asked me to study hard.
He asked me not to swim alone.
be asked to do sth被叫去做某事/被邀請去做某事
I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.
3.be afraid to do sth害怕做某事
She is afraid to ask me questions.
4.be afaid of doing sth害怕去做某事
I am afraid of going out at night.
5.be afaid of sth害怕某物
He is afraid of snakes.
6.be amazed to do sth對做某事感到驚訝
He was amazed to meet the girl there.
be amazed at sth對某事感到驚訝
they were amazed at the news.
7.be busy doing/with sth忙于做某事(常考)
I was busy washing my car at that time.
I am busy with my work.
The bus is coming/The dog is dying.
9.be excited to do sth對做……感到興奮
Jacky was excited to travel there by plane.
be excited at sth對……感到興奮
Lily was excited at his words.
be excited about doing sth做某事感到興奮
he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.
10.be frightened to do sth害怕去做某事
Sam is frightened to ride a horse.
11.be glad/happy to do sth高興去做某事
She is happy to clean the blackboard with me.
be pleased to do sth高興做某事
She was pleased to help the old man yesterday.
be pleased with sth對某事感到高興/滿意
The teacher was pleased with my answer.
12.be interested in sth/doing sth對某事感興趣/對做某事感興趣
She is interested inswimming in the river.
My btother is interested in Chinese.
13.be/get ready for/to do sth
be ready for為某事做好了準備
We are ready for the exam.
be ready to do sth為做某事做好了準備
We are ready to have a birthday party for her.
get ready for sth為某事在做準備
We are getting ready for the exam.
14.be surprised to do sth對做某事感到驚奇
I’d be surprised to see him on such an occasion.
be surprised at sth對某事感到驚奇
This is nothing to be surprised at.
15.be worth doing sth值得做某事(worth后接動詞-ing形式，常考)
It was too remote to be worth thinking about.
16.begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth開始去做某事
When do children begin to go to school?
17.can/be able to afford(to buy)sth有能力負擔(購買)……
At this rate we won’t be able to afford a holiday.
18.may/might do sth可能做某事
We may come at another time.
19.can’t wait todo sth迫不急待地去做某事
I can’t wait to hear the news.
20.decide to do sth決定去做某事
make up one’s mind to do sth下決心去做某事(常考)
make a decision to do sth對做某事作出決定
-What do they decide to do?
-I have made up my mind to go with him